The backbones of many companies rely on a conveyor system. They help to move items from one place to another, quickly and efficiently. Belt conveyors are what most people recognize, although there are other versions that do the same thing. The most well-known places that they will be found is the postal system, and airports for moving luggage around the airport. They can save a lot of time, as moving items across a large area without them would take a lot longer. By using them they make a company far more economical by speeding up the movement of items, and also not as many staff is required.
Conveyor Design And Types
The belt design conveyor was the original, and has been in use for over a hundred years, but improvements have meant that various other types are now in use today. There are shaker conveyors which vibrate as a product moves along it; these are used mostly by engineering companies for cooling down items on the production line, and for releasing tools from their mold. These days’ conveyors can easily carry large and heavy items around corners and up steep inclines. Bucket conveyors efficiently move very large items, but in most cases, a conveyor system will be built and designed to order.
When it comes to a Skate-wheel conveyor, these are usually manually driven, and consist of rows of metal tubes that all roll alongside each other. Often used for only shifting items over a few feet, such as the end of a production line, they make moving products similar to pushing something along the ice. In most cases they will have a slope built into them so that gravity can aid the movement of the item. The main bonus with this type of conveyor is that they rarely break down, and so are excellent for busy warehouses that are constantly loading trucks.
There is one type that is designed specifically for environments that are harsh, such as those in airports, and that is the live roller conveyor. These are complicated designs with a lot of electric motors, chains, gears, belts and line shafts. They are computer controlled these days so that an item can be directed from one area to another, while the next item will be delivered to another location. In regard of cost, these are the most expensive conveyor systems due to the complex design and computer control systems required.
One problem with the manual movement of goods is that they are prone to human error, and this means that a higher number of items will be damaged compared to those moved around on a conveyor system. Some companies still use forklifts to move goods around, and this brings in two problems. The first is that the goods can fall off and get damaged, while the second one is that injuries to staff by forklifts are quite common.
As technology improves conveyor systems, they have got more complex in what they can do. Not only do they now move items along a line, they can now deliver these items to a different building, and even different floors, sometimes over large distances.